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What is a CITATION.cff file?

CITATION.cff files are plain text files with human- and machine-readable citation information for software (and datasets). Code developers can include them in their repositories to let others know how to correctly cite their software.

This is an example of a simple CITATION.cff file:

cff-version: 1.2.0
message: "If you use this software, please cite it as below."
  - family-names: Druskat
    given-names: Stephan
    orcid: https://orcid.org/1234-5678-9101-1121
title: "My Research Software"
version: 2.0.4
  - type: doi
    value: 10.5281/zenodo.1234
date-released: 2021-08-11

The format of CITATION.cff files is the Citation File Format (CFF).

Why you should add a CITATION.cff file to your repository!

It is very easy to correctly cite a paper: all the necessary information (metadata) can be found on the title page or the article website. Software and datasets have no title page, the relevant information is often less obvious.

People who want to cite your software may ask questions like:

What is the name of the software (it’s probably not my_scripts/run.m or analysis.py)?

What label should I use to uniquely identify the version of the software I have used?

What is the appropriate set of people that should be cited as authors?

The person who wants to cite your software will probably not be able to answer these questions accurately and consistently themselves, but you can! Give them all the right information in a CITATION.cff file, and they can cite your software correctly.

Also, if you publish your software in an archive or registry, they (or their systems) can re-use the citation metadata from your CITATION.cff file.

Supported by GitHub

image-left When you put a CITATION.cff file in the default branch of your GitHub repository, it is automatically linked from the repository landing page, and the citation information is rendered on the repository page, and also provided as BibTeX snippet which users can simply copy! This makes it easy for other users to cite your software project, using the information you’ve provided.
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Supported by Zenodo

image-left When you have a CITATION.cff file in your GitHub repository, make a release and publish it on Zenodo via the Zenodo-GitHub integration, Zenodo will use the citation information you’ve provided to populate the publication entry! This makes it easier for software developers and maintainers to publish their software with complete and correct metadata.
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Supported by Zotero

image-left When you have a CITATION.cff file in your repository, and someone uses the Zotero browser plugin to import a reference to your repository into their Zotero reference manager, it will use the citation information you’ve provided to populate the reference entry! This makes it easier for users to get a complete and correct reference to your software, that they can use when they cite your software in their work!
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Create a CITATION.cff file now!

There are different options for getting started with the Citation File Format:

  • Create a CITATION.cff file with ease using the form on the cffinit website.
  • Copy and paste the example above into the root of your code repository, and adapt the information to your software.

To learn more about how to work with the Citation File Format, have a look at the documentation.

The Citation File Format is much more powerful than the minimal example above suggests. It also allows you to record the references for your software, for example, to make visible the work that your own work builds on. To find out what citation-relevant information you can provide in CITATION.cff files, have a look at the guide to the Citation File Format.

Tools for working with CITATION.cff files

Different tools exist to help you work with CITATION.cff files:

There are further tools for specific use cases, and different environments. The documentation has a brief overview of available tools.

Have an idea? Found a problem?

We try to make contributing to CFF as easy as possible! Even tweeting a problem may be helpful, it’s that easy.

Better still, if you can think of something that would make CITATION.cff files better, or you have found something that didn’t work as you would have expected: Please check out how you can share your idea or bug report in the contribution guide on GitHub.


We would like to thank the following institutions for supporting the development of the Citation File Format: